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Swamp blues is a form of blues music that is highly evolved and specialized. It arose from the Louisiana blues and is known for its laidback rhythms which dominate a music that is simultaneously funky and often lighthearted for a blues sub-genre. Influences from Cajun music or black Creole zydeco music can also be heard in the sound.

Swamp blues is often associated with recordman/producer J. D. "Jay" Miller's Crowley, Louisiana, recording studio. Miller released many swamp blues recordings on his own various labels, as well as on larger, national labels, such as Ernie Young's Excello Records label of Nashville. Attesting to the impact of swamp blues on popular music, the Rolling Stones covered swamp bluesman Slim Harpo's "I'm a King Bee", while Neil Young, among others, recorded Harpo's "Rainin' In My Heart." Furthermore, swamp blues is often cited as a major influence on Creedence Clearwater Revival.

Swamp blues is sometimes confused with swamp pop music, which is actually a distinct south Louisiana musical genre although swamp blues and swamp pop performers often accompanied each other in the studio and on stage. It also should not be confused with delta blues, a far more well-known subgenre of the blues that comes from northern Mississippi.

Nathan Abshire
Marcia Ball
Tab Benoit
Clarence Edwards
Carol Fran
Guitar Gable
Larry Garner
Slim Harpo
Silas Hogan
Joe Hudson
Guitar Junior
Lazy Lester
Lonesome Sundown
Jerry "Boogie" McCain
Kenny Neal
Raful Neal
Charles David Sharp
Rockin' Sidney
Lightnin' Slim
Moses "Whispering" Smith
Tabby Thomas
Katie Webster