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Country Blues (also folk blues, rural blues, backwoods blues, or downhome blues) is a general term that refers to all the acoustic, mainly guitar-driven forms of the blues. It often incorporated elements of rural gospel, ragtime, hillbilly, and dixieland jazz. After blues' birth in the southern United States, it quickly spread throughout the country (and elsewhere), giving birth to a host of regional styles. These include Memphis, Detroit, Chicago, Texas, Piedmont, Louisiana, West Coast, Atlanta, St. Louis, East Coast, Swamp, New Orleans, Delta, Hill country and Kansas City blues.

When African-American musical tastes began to change in the early 1960s, moving toward soul and rhythm & blues music, country blues found renewed popularity as "folk blues" and was sold to a primarily white, college-age audience. Traditional artists like Big Bill Broonzy and Sonny Boy Williamson II reinvented themselves as folk blues artists, while Piedmont bluesmen like Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee found great success on the folk festival circuit.

Alberta Hunter Alec Seward Alice Leslie Carter Archie Edwards
Arvella Gray Baby Tate Barbecue Bob Bessie Smith
Bessie Tucker Big Bill Broonzy Big Maceo Big Maceo Merriweather
Black Ace Blind Blake Blind Boy Fuller Blind Lemon Jefferson
Blind Willie Johnson Blind Willie McTell Brownie McGhee Buddy Moss
Bukka White Bull City Red Bumble Bee Slim Buster Pickens
Casey Bill Weldon Charley Lincoln Charlie Patton Charlie Spand
Coot Grant Cripple Clarence Lofton Curley Weaver Dan Sane
Eddie Mapp Elizabeth Cotten Floyd Council Frank Stokes
Furry Lewis Gabriel Brown Gus Cannon Hattie Hart
Hazel Meyers Henry Thomas Henry Townsend Ida Cox
Ida Goodson Irene Scruggs Jazz Gillum Jesse Fuller
Jim Jackson Joe Pullum John Jackson Josh White
Kitty Brown Kokomo Arnold Laura Smith Lead Belly
Lightnin' Hopkins Lillian Glinn Little Buddy Doyle Lonnie Johnson
Lottie Kimbrough Ma Rainey Madlyn Davis Mance Lipscomb
Martha Copeland Mary Johnson Mattie Delaney Memphis Minnie
Mississippi Fred McDowell Mississippi John Hurt Peetie Wheatstraw Peg Leg Howell
Piano Red Pink Anderson Richard Rabbit Brown Ralph Willis
Ramblin' Thomas Reverend Gary Davis Robert Johnson Robert Lockwood, Jr.
Robert Shaw Rubin Rube Lacey Sam Collins Scrapper Blackwell
Shirley Griffith Silas Hogan Sippie Wallace Skip James
Sleepy John Estes Smokey Hogg Son Bonds Son House
Sonny Boy Williamson II Sonny Terry Tampa Red Tommy Johnson
Victoria Spivey Virginia Liston Walter Roland Washboard Sam
Wesley Wilson William Ezell Willie Brown  

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